Sunday, 30 July 2017

PHOTO CONTEST- Face of LexxyTech Corporation 2017

LexxyTech corporation in partnership with Goodness of God Group of Schools Lagos presents her fourth photo contest Titled "Dare To be the Face of LexxyTech Corporation 2017".
LexxyTech Corporation

Friday, 21 July 2017

Tech: Facebook is working on a type of device so tough to build, even Google gave up on it (FB)

Google's Project Ara phone could have its individual parts swapped by the user. The phone never shipped.

Facebook appears to be taking a page out of Google's playbook for its forthcoming push into consumer hardware, according to a new patent.

Facebook appears to be taking a page out of Google's playbook for its forthcoming push into consumer hardware.

A patent application published by the company on Thursday details a "modular electromechanical device" that can incorporate a speaker, microphone, touch display, GPS, and even function as a phone.

Modular consumer hardware allows users to swap different components onto a device, much in the way lego pieces can be snapped together or separated.

The notion of a plug-and-play smartphone has long entranced and challenged tech companies. Google spent several years developing its ambitious Project Ara modular phone, only to abruptly shutter it last year.

Coincidentally, many key members of Google's Project Ara team now work at Facebook's Building 8 group, the team responsible for the new patent application. Building 8's leader, Regina Dugan, previously led the advanced technology group within Google responsible for Project Ara.

Building 8 is Facebook's consumer hardware lab that's also working on futuristic projects like the ability to type with your mind and understand language through your skin. The four employees named on the patent all previously worked for Nascent Objects, a startup Facebook bought last year that used 3D printing to quickly prototype modular gadgets.

A Facebook spokesperson confirmed that the technology was acquired through Nascent Objects but declined to comment further.

Millions of connected devices

It's unclear what exact device the modular system will be used for, although people familiar with the matter have told Business Insider that Building 8 is heavily focused on developing cutting-edge camera and machine learning technology.

The modular device could function as a phone or Amazon Alexa-like music speaker, according to the patent, which also notes that "millions of devices" connected to a server could be loaded with different software based on components that are swapped out. Building 8's head of new product introduction, Bernard Richardson, previously worked in a similar role at Amazon on the Alexa speaker, according to his LinkedIn.

Here's a sketch of the mysterious product concept included in Facebook's patent application:

Facebook tried to make a phone with HTC in 2013, but the project was a complete flop. Building 8's roster of talent includes former employees from Apple, Google, and Motorola with experience developing and shipping millions of phones and tablets. The division is also assembling a retail and e-commerce team to sell the gadgets that Building 8 dreams up.

Whatever Facebook ends up shipping under its Building 8 umbrella, the company thinks that a modular system is more beneficial for consumers than the way gadgets like the iPhone are manufactured and sold today.

"Typically, the hardware components included in the consumer electronics that are considered 'outdated' are still useable," Thursday's patent, which was originally filed in January 2016, reads. "However, the hardware components can no longer be re-used since consumer electronics are designed as closed systems. From a consumer prospective, the life cycle of conventional consumer electronics is expensive and wasteful."

Do you know more about what's going on in Building 8? Contact the author securely and discreetly via email (aheath@businessinsider), Twitter direct message, or "alexeheath" on Telegram.



from pulse.ng - Nigeria's entertainment & lifestyle platform online

Finance: Twitter's 12-day winning streak is over (TWTR)

Sexual Assault: 27-yr-old man imprisoned for abducting, impregnating teen

Court gavel.

Adeniyi is being tried for a two-count charge of abduction and impregnating a teenager.

An Ile-Ife Magistrates’ Court in Osun on Friday remanded a 27-year-old man, Oluwafemi Adeniyi, in prison for  allegedly abducting, raping and impregnating a teenage girl.

Adeniyi, who lives at No. 5, Ajibiowu St., Ile-Ife, is being tried for a two-count charge of abduction and impregnating a teenager.

He pleaded not guilty to the charges.

Magistrate Olalekan Ijiyode, who gave the ruling, did not grant the oral bail application of the accused’s lawyer person, but asked him  to come with a written application.

Ijiyode, therefore, ordered that the accused should be remanded in prison pending the consideration of the bail application.

Earlier, the Prosecutor, Insp. Emmanuel Abdullahi, told the court that the accused committed the offences on July 14 at No. 5, Ajibiowu St., Ile-Ife.

Abdullahi said the accused also conducted himself in a manner likely to cause the breach of peace by impregnating a 17-year-old without the consent of her parents.

“The accused abducted the girl and kept her in his house without the knowledge of her parents.”

The offences contravened Sections 249 (d) and 361 of the Criminal Code, Laws of Osun, 2003.

The Defence Counsel, Mr S.O. Salami, had applied for the bail of the accused, saying he will not jump bail.

The case was adjourned until September 4 for hearing. 



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Hunger In The Land: Ex-convict remanded in prison custody for stealing bread, groundnut

A criminal in handcuffs

A 22-year-old man has been remanded in jail for stealing bread and groundnut.

An Oredo Magistrate Court 5 in Benin, on Friday, remanded one Bright Idiye, 22, in prison custody for allegedly stealing a loaf of bread and groundnut worth N750.

Idiye, who was arraigned before Chief Magistrate I.N. Osayande on one count charge of stealing, pleaded guilty to the charge.

The accused was said to have committed the offence at Iyaro, Benin, on July 16, 2017 barely 24 hours after being released from prison.

According to the charge, Idiye stole a loaf of bread worth N450 and groundnut worth N300.

The accused, who was remanded at Oko Medium Prison, was said to have been released from the same prison custody on July 15, 2017.

Magistrate Osayande adjourned the case until July 24 for hearing.



from pulse.ng - Nigeria's entertainment & lifestyle platform online

Abuse Of Power: Bank manager in court over alleged theft of $110,000

The prosecutor said that the accused stole the 110,000 dollars property of Sterling Bank Plc.

A bank manager, Elliot Abiodun, who allegedly stole 110,000 dollars (N40 million) from Sterling Bank, was on Friday arraigned before an Igbosere Magistrates’ Court in Lagos.

Abiodun, whose residential address was not given, is standing trial on a two-count charge bordering on conspiracy and stealing.

The Prosecutor, Sgt. Friday Mameh, told the court that the accused committed the offences on June 3, at 10 a.m. in Lagos.

He said the accused stole the 110,000 dollars property of Sterling Bank Plc.

The prosecutor said the offences contravened Sections 287(8) and 411 of the Criminal Law of Lagos, 2015.

The accused however pleaded not guilty to the charges.

Counsel to the accused, Mr T.J. Agoro, urged the court to grant his client bail.

Agoro told the court that he would stand surety for the accused and ensure that he showed up in court till the determination of the case.

The Magistrate, Miss O. A. Olagbende, released the accused to his counsel on the grounds that the lawyer would ensure that the accused attends court’s proceedings.

The Magistrate adjourned the case until September 19 for mention. 



from pulse.ng - Nigeria's entertainment & lifestyle platform online

Sports: Dick's is releasing a new private line of clothes, and Nike and Under Armour should be worried

Second Skin is designed with specific intense athletes in mind.

The Second Skin line has everything an elite training athlete needs, and nothing they don't.

Dick's Sporting Goods is continuing its private push.

The sporting goods retailer is releasing a new line of private-label training apparel called Second Skin. The gear is aimed at the elite athlete, with technical specifications that those customers demand.

Dick's VP Ryan Eckel called this an "underserved customer segment" in an interview with Business Insider.

"We really focused, in a very hard way, on this athlete and what their needs are, and built the product around that," he said.

Second Skin is designed specially for high-intensity activities like CrossFit. For example, the Second Skin shirt has grips that keep it from riding up the back, as well as compression that grips important muscles to aid in recovery. It's mean to exist in a niche in the market that demands high-performing gear, and not the mainstream gym goer.

Dick's has already released a line of Second Skin compression undergarments, but this release is the first line of apparel. Prices range from $35 to $150 for compression and training apparel for both men and women.

While that is more expensive than typical sportswear, Dick's says the unique properties make the line a value, and it likely compares favorably to a garment from a name brand like Nike or Under Armour. The line is available online at SecondSkin.com and in 350 Dick's stores nationwide.

Second Skin is not to be confused with athleisure, however.

"These athletes don't necessarily want big logos and flashy colors. They want understated, they want minimalist design," Eckel said. "Everything you need and nothing you don't need."

Dick's CEO Edward Stack has previously said in earnings calls it was consolidating its vendor partnerships and focusing on core brands that its customers are clamoring for. That leaves space for the private label brands it's developing in-house, each targeted at a different fitness consumer, like the Calia brand developed with Carrie Underwood.

"The launch of Second Skin will help fill a void in our store," Eckel said.

Should Dick's keep finding niches in the sportswear market to fill with specialized new private labels like Second Skin, that could present an issue for brands like Nike and Under Armour who currently occupy those spaces with their more general offerings and are still looking for room to grow.



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Finance: Trump's new communications director has a long history on Wall Street and a love-hate relationship with the press

Anthony Scaramucci.

He previously worked at Goldman Sachs and later founded SkyBridge Capital, a fund of hedge funds firm that caters to America's rich dentists and doctors.

Anthony Scaramucci, who has been appointed to head the White House's communications operations, has a long history on Wall Street – and has been a big Trump backer and public advocate.

He previously worked at Goldman Sachs and later founded SkyBridge Capital, a fund of hedge funds firm that caters to America's rich dentists and doctors.

Sean Spicer, the White House's embattled press secretary, announced his resignation on Friday, reportedly after telling President Donald Trump that he strongly disagreed with the selection of Scaramucci.

Scaramucci is a household name on Wall Street, but relatively unknown elsewhere. Here's a primer.

He was hired, fired and then rehired at Goldman Sachs

Scaramucci worked at Goldman Sachs for some time after graduating from Harvard Law School.

He was even fired before being rehired in a sales role, he recounted to reporters several years ago.



He later founded SkyBridge Capital, which invests rich people's money in hedge funds

Scaramucci later ran SkyBridge Capital, a fund of hedge funds firm. It basically invests wealthy people's money into hedge funds, private investment vehicles that make bets on the markets.

Scaramucci had heralded SkyBridge as a way for America's dentists and doctors – who might not have enough money to access hedge funds directly – to put their money with hedge fund titans.

The fund's sales practices drew criticism over the years, and a Main Street mutual fund SkyBridge started also struggled with performance, Reuters reported earlier this year.

Still, the firm grew to billions in assets, much of that from relationships with Wall Street banks which directed their rich clients' money into the fund.



He has a love-hate relationship with the press

Scaramucci loves media attention and courts it like a pro (including from Business Insider). Sometimes, it is to promote books, like one he wrote on entrepreneurship called "Hopping over the Rabbit Hole." He also hosts a TV show called Wall Street Week on Fox Business.

But he was also accused of threatening a columnist after he wrote something Scaramucci didn't like. Felix Salmon, a financial columnist, wrote for Reuters about his experience.

Here's Salmon back in 2011:

"I’ve seen another side to Scaramucci: my post about his wine tasting was followed by a series of irate phone calls and emails from him, not only to me but also to any and every senior Thomson Reuters executive he could think of. It’s the steely competitor underneath the glad-handing exterior."

Scaramucci said he tried to get Salmon fired twice, though the two eventually made up.

More recently, he reportedly threatened to sue CNN over a story that it later retracted. When it did, and three staffers were let go, he tweeted ".@CNN did the right thing. Classy move. Apology accepted. Everyone makes mistakes. Moving on."



Scaramucci became the face of the hedge fund industry's biggest Las Vegas confab

Scaramucci also ran SALT, one of the hedge fund industry's flashiest conferences.

Held annually at Las Vegas's ritzy Bellagio, it's a gathering of hedge fund managers, marketers and all sorts of sales people convened to hobnob, listen to hedge fund managers that SkyBridge invests in and party. The Killers even performed one year.



He has been one of Trump's biggest proponents on Wall Street

Scaramucci has been one of Trump's biggest backers on Wall Street, and is not shy about it. He has touted the president at hedge fund events, on Twitter and on broadcast TV.

The day after Trump was elected in November, he told journalist Michelle Celarier that people need to take Trump at his word in an interview in New York magazine.

"I’m not talking about the rhetorical flourishes or the problems he has had," Scaramucci said in the interview. "He’s admitted he said some things he regretted. But if he says he’s going to build a wall and make the Mexicans pay for it … my guess is he’s going to build the wall and the Mexicans are going to pay for it. I think that’s going to happen."



Scaramucci wanted Trump to kill a law that could hurt his fund business — but it was enacted anyway

Scaramucci was an outspoken critic of the Department of Labor's fiduciary rule, which required financial advisers to put their clients' interests ahead of theirs. It's a threat to fund-of-fund businesses because they pay referral fees to financial advisers.

Scaramucci had argued the rule would hurt investors because it would supposedly make it harder for people to get retirement advice; he argued, among other things, that advisers wouldn't be able to afford to service low-balance accounts.

The Wall Streeters opposing the rule had a lot at stake, particularly Scaramucci's SkyBridge and he wanted Trump to repeal it. The rule recently went into effect anyway earlier this year.



Two senators said they would investigate Scaramucci after he met with a sanctioned Russian fund

Two senators earlier this year said that they would push for an investigation into whether Scaramucci violated sanctions with Russia. That's after it came out that Scaramucci talked about potential joint investments with a sanctioned Russian fund, Bloomberg News reported.

As Bloomberg reported in January: Scaramucci's "meeting with Kirill Dmitriev, head of the Russian Direct Investment Fund, a $10 billion state-run investment vehicle, is the first public contact between the incoming administration and Kremlin-backed business."



Scaramucci sold SkyBridge earlier this year to a Chinese company so he could work for Trump, but conflicts in that sale prevented him from taking on a job

Scaramucci sold SkyBridge to a subsidiary of the Chinese conglomerate, HNA Group, which has ties to the country's Communist party. That sale – and the conflicts – initially bungled his chances at a Trump administration job earlier this year, according to the New York Times.

As Business Insider's Linette Lopez has pointed out, Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin must approve the HNA sale as part of the Committee on Foreign Investment in the US.

Last month, Trump appointed Scaramucci chief strategy officer of the U.S. Export-Import Bank.





from pulse.ng - Nigeria's entertainment & lifestyle platform online

Politics: Watch Trump’s new communications director apologize for calling him a 'hack' back in 2015

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Anthony Scaramucci is the new White House communications director. He will be filling a position left open by Mike Dubke, who resigned in May.

Anthony Scaramucci is the new White House communications director. He will be filling a position left open by Mike Dubke, who resigned in May. In 2015, Scaramucci appeared on Fox Business and slammed Trump during as a "hack" politician. On his first day on the job as communications director, he apologized to Trump "for the 50th time." The following is a transcript of the video.

SCARAMUCCI: [Trump] brings it up every 15 seconds, okay? One of the biggest mistakes that I made because I was an inexperienced person in the world of politics. I was supporting another candidate. I should have never said that about him. So, Mr. President, if you're listening, I personally apologize for the 50th time for saying that. But here's the wonderful thing about the news media: that was three minutes of my life, he's never forgotten it, and you've never forgotten it. But, you know, I hope that some day Mr. President, you'll forget it.



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Tech: A last-resort ‘planet-hacking’ plan could make Earth habitable for longer — but scientists warn it could have dramatic consequences

We might be able to change the Earth's temperature by modifying the skies, but should we?

Scientists are developing technologies that could transform clouds or mimic volcanic eruptions in order to cool the planet. But it's very risky.

One way to prevent the Earth's temperature from rising into a city-drowning, hurricane-strengthening, heat-stroke–triggering danger zone is to immediately switch from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources.

At the moment, that transition seems unlikely. So scientists and tech innovators are also investigating various forms of geoengineering — an approach that involves transforming the Earth's clouds and skies in ways that help cool the planet or suck carbon out of the atmosphere.

That idea, however, is extremely controversial. Some researchers believe such work could be a necessary part of the fight against climate change, but others argue that meddling with the planet exposes the world to a host of new risks. Plus, there's a growing fear that a rogue actor trying to achieve something "good" could attempt one of these globe-altering projects and spark a devastating international conflict.

Two new papers published July 20 in the journal Science investigate two of the most well-studied geoengineering strategies: cirrus cloud modification and injecting sulfur into the atmosphere.

The authors of the papers make clear that these approaches are very risky and far from viability — so much so, in fact, that most researchers hope they never become necessary. But the papers also lay out the reasons why these strategies might work and are worth studying.

Recreating a volcanic eruption

If we delay aggressively cutting greenhouse gas emissions until 2040, authors Ulrike Niemeier and Simone Tilmes write in Science, the global temperature is projected to rise more than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. That is an increase that most scientists agree would create dramatic, irreversible consequences for human civilization and the planet.

The authors pick that as the point at which drastic intervention might be needed in order to stave off disaster. One option in that case would be to mimic a volcanic eruption.

When a volcano erupts, it spews forth lava, gas, and smoke, filling the skies with sulfur. Those clouds of sulfur reflect more of the sun's solar radiation back into space and away from Earth, which has a cooling effect on the planet.

Researchers are investigating how this effect could be artificially recreated. The leading proposal involves planes that would inject sulfur into the atmosphere.

Niemeier and Tilmes reviewed the math, and said that in order to counteract the temperature rise at that point, we'd have to inject the atmosphere with the amount of sulfur that was created by the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo every year for 160 years. (For context, the Pinatubo eruption was the second largest of the 20th century.)

This effort, they write, would require 6,700 sulfur-injection flights per day — at a cost of about $20 billion a year.

The authors also note that the technology required for this aerosol modification in the stratosphere doesn't exist yet, and that their timeline assumes that global carbon emissions would reach zero before 2100.

We're still far from understanding all the risks involved with injecting sulfur into our atmosphere; however, a major one is the destruction of ozone, the layer that helps keep dangerous ultraviolet radiation from reaching Earth. The sulfur approach would also cool land more than oceans, which would continue to change and acidify. And it would transform tropical monsoons, reducing rainfall and potentially causing droughts in places like India.

Transforming the clouds in the sky

Another drastic approach to cooling our planet would be to alter a certain type of heat-trapping cloud.

One of the most confounding variables in climate models is the effect of clouds in sky, climate scientist Kate Marvel explained at TED 2017. Clouds can send solar radiation back into space, thereby helping to cool the planet. But they can also trap heat on Earth, playing a similar role to greenhouse gases like CO2.

All climate projections show a warming trend, but the role of clouds, Marvel says, is why "

Cirrus clouds, the thin, wispy ones that look like streaks in the sky, don't reflect much radiation and can trap a good amount of heat.

So authors Ulrike Lohmann and Blaz Gasparini write in Science that researchers are investigating ways to thin such clouds and let more heat escape, as the diagram below shows. This would be done by planting tiny particles (like chemicals, desert dust, or pollen) into cirrus clouds to break them apart — a process known as seeding.

This approach also comes with a list of risks, the authors write.

According to the paper, if the seeding process goes too far, or scientists didn't get the location perfectly right, new cirrus clouds could form in places where they didn't exist before, "creating additional warming rather than the intended cooling."

Plus, just like the sulfur injections, cirrus thinning wouldn't decrease the levels of CO2 already in the air or lower the amount we're still releasing to the atmosphere. And ocean acidification would continue.

"In theory it could be done," Alan Robock, an environmental science professor at Rutgers who was not involved with the new papers, told Business Insider. But no one has ever tried it, and "it's still relatively early days in terms of knowing whether it would work."

But there's another major risk involved with developing technology that allows us to tinker with the planet's climate systems: Human conflict.

Permission to transform the world

Once geoengineering technology and methods are developed, a situation could arise in which one country or rich individual decides to try it out on their own.

In an editorial published alongside the new papers in Science, authors from the Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Initiative pointed out that the world's governments don't have a framework yet for deciding whether or not "the potential global benefit of geoengineering is worth the risks to certain regions."

In an absolute worst case scenario, one rogue actor claiming they were trying to do good could attempt some kind of geoengineering project that winds up triggering environmental disaster, like massive droughts, in another country. That could lead to a destabilizing global conflict.

This may sound extreme, but Robock said he once participated in a discussion at a geoengineering conference in which the question of worst possible outcomes was raised. One answer was particularly sobering, he said: global nuclear war.

The easier solution

At TED 2017, Marvel likened geoengineering to "going to a doctor who says 'You have a fever, I know exactly why you have a fever, and we're not going to treat that. We're going to give you ibuprofen, and also your nose is going to fall off.'"

In other words, it's like using a very risky band-aid without ever solving the original problem: greenhouse gas emissions.

Even if these geoengineering strategies were to work as planned, trying to change the planet's natural systems without stopping emissions in the first place would be stupid, because we wouldn't eradicate the primary factor causing warming.

The Carnegie Council scholars wrote in their editorial that embarking on a geoengineering project without cutting emissions might mean that we need to continue modifying our stratosphere for centuries with unknown side effects. And even if we did that, we'd still need to develop ways to remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere and store that carbon safely.

Researchers are making progress in that area. But there's still much to be done and that science is still in very early stages.

Robock points out an obvious truth in regards to all of these radical possibilities: It would be safer for people to simply come together now and figure out how to stop fossil fuel emissions.

To keep the planet at a stable temperature, even the Paris Agreement goals would need to be made significantly more aggressive. Given Trump's vow to pull the US out of the international accord, that might seem unlikely right now, but Robock thinks it's possible.

"With charismatic leadership, things can change very quickly," he said. "I'm optimistic the world will do that and we won't need to use geoengineering."

Hopefully, Robock's optimism proves to be justified.



from pulse.ng - Nigeria's entertainment & lifestyle platform online

Tech: 10 iconic products that brands brought back from the dead

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Appealing to nostalgia has emerged as a strategic and highly effective marketing technique in recent years.

This week, Pepsi announced that it was bringing back Crystal Pepsi, a popular drink from the 1990s, for one last time. But it’s hardly the first brand to bring back a product from the dead.

Appealing to nostalgia — that yearning for yesteryear — has emerged as a strategic and highly effective marketing technique in recent years, with marketers of all stripes rolling out comebacks for classic and retro products.

Here are some of the most welcome branded product comebacks in recent history:

1. Crystal Pepsi

Crystal Pepsi ruled the shelves in the U.S. in the early ‘90s, but by 1994, the proliferation of countless copycats, including Coca-Cola’s Tab Clear, had saturated the colorless soda category.

Pepsi officially renewed the short-lived soda last summer, inspired by "overwhelming fan demand." The brand had also offered Crystal Pepsi through a sweepstakes it held in 2015, but the 2016 initiative represented a broader retail push, for a limited time.

This summer, the soda will be returning to shelves "for one final time," according to Pepsi, becoming available widely on August 14.



2. Coca-Cola Surge

Coca-Cola originally introduced Surge in 1996, but took it off the market in 2003. After a successful year-long pilot program on Amazon, the company re-introduced the product -- created in the 1990s to compete with Pepsi’s Mountain Dew – across select stores in 2015.

The comeback was in response to a huge fan movement online called the Surge Movement, which lobbied for the company to bring back their favorite drink. The brand eventually listened, using the relaunch as an opportunity to not just appeal to past consumers, but also recruit new fans through the soda’s engaged and passionate Facebook group community.

"Surge superfans have amazing stories to tell and have been so instrumental in bringing back Surge," said Kimberly Paige, vice president, Sprite and Flavors, Coca-Cola North America. "But younger, variety-seeking consumers are also intrigued by this brand because to them it’s new and different."



3. MillerCoors Zima

Zima was also a part of the "clear craze" of the 1990s, in the ranks of Crystal Pepsi and Tab Clear – except with an alcoholic kick. The clear malt liquor from MillerCoors hit the market in 1993, enjoyed a swift rise and then faded into eventual oblivion, being pulled off from shelves in 2008. It returned to stores this July 4 weekend for a limited time.

Zima’s return comes on the heels of a resurgence in the alcoholic soda category in recent years, with brands including Mike’s Hard Lemonade and AB InBev’s Best Damn Cherry Cola leading the charge.

The comeback is an obvious nostalgia play for the brand, with the ad campaign touting its return full of ’90s references -- everything from Jnco jeans to frosted tips.



4. Nokia 3310

There’s no way that you, or your mom, or your sister, or at least your uncle have not owned this handset at some point.

Nokia’s new licensee HMD Global paid homage to the former phone giant by making a nostalgia play and relaunching one of its most iconic products -- the Nokia 3310 -- this year. The almost-indestructible device was first released back in 2000, and went on to sell a staggering 126 million units.

The same company that manufactures the iPhone, Foxconn, is manufacturing the revamped 3310.



5. SodaStream

You may never have heard of SodaStream before Scarlett Johansson, but the machine was pretty popular in the '80s.

It faded into obscurity by the mid '90s, until Israeli firm breathed a new lease of life into it and relaunched upgraded versions of the original SodaStream machine in 41 countries.



6. Steve Madden Slinky

This April, Steve Madden re-released these iconic flatform slides, the ubiquitous style statement of a whole generation of teenage girls in the 1990s.

The new Slinky does come with some practical adjustments. While the classic sandal had a chunky heel and stitching on the sole, the new version features a flat-bottom platform and smooth sole.



7. Levi's 505

They say denim never goes out of style. Levi’s resurrected its popular style from the 1960s, the 505, on its 50th anniversary last year. The style was first launched in 1967, and enjoyed its heyday during the height of the counterculture movement in San Francisco.

The relaunch was fueled by customers' increased interest in buying vintage pairs of the original style, Jonathan Cheung, the brand's senior vice president of global design, told WWD. the brand remained so true to the original that it recreated it to the last detail – even tracking down the original fabric mill to reproduce the specific denim material.



8. Nintendo Game Boy

You cannot call yourself a 1990s kid if you did not spend hours playing Tetris and Super Mario on the Nintendo Game Boy. The console was ridiculously popular, and sold a whopping 118 million units.

The Game Boy disappeared in 2003, but is all set to make a comeback next month, thanks to a company called Retro-Bit, which is reviving it.



9. Polaroid

Polaroid has seen its fair share of ups and downs, particularly since the advent of digital cameras. The brand was forced to file for bankruptcy twice between 2001 and 2009, and go through a roster of six CEOs between 2005 and 2009. But going back to the basics has been a key factor in its revival.

In 2009, Polaroid revived the OneStep -- a classic camera that also doubled as America's best-selling camera in 1977. It sold the camera as part of a limited edition kit priced at $450, and subsequently introduced a number of retro-inspired cameras fit for the digital age.

The Polaroid Pic-300, for example, is a modern spin on the classic Polaroid camera and instantly prints wallet-size photographs. The Polaroid Z2300, on the other hand, successfully merges analog and digital photography, and lets users instantly print photographs as well as save them as digital files.



10. Mad Libs

In 2009, Penguin, realized the timelessness of its classic fill-in-the-blank game Mad Libs, and decided to adapt it into an interactive app. For the brand, it was not only the perfect opportunity to take Gen-Xers on a trip down memory lane, but also introduce the brand to a new batch of digital natives.

After its first iteration, it reworked the app in 2014. The brand brought Phil N. DeBlanks — the googly-eyed, smiley-faced doodle on every Mad Libs book — to life within the app, reimagining him as a coach and even a friend to players. He giggles when users type in a funny word, for example.

According to Penguin, Mad Libs sales increased 74 percent and the app had been downloaded over 5.5 million times between 2009 and early 2015.





from pulse.ng - Nigeria's entertainment & lifestyle platform online

Tech: The 52 most powerful people in enterprise tech in 2017

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From the Atlasssian to Zoom, AI to cloud, these are the people to know in enterprise tech.

Businesses spend a huge wad of cash every year on tech. They'll dole out $3.5 trillion in 2017 alone, according to Gartner.

2017 has seen a dramatic increase in cloud spending and the rise of new technologies in the work place like artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things.

It's seen a crop of new public companies, and some startups that are leading the way in their areas. At the same time, powerhouses like Cisco, Oracle and Microsoft still dominate their respective markets.

And with that kind of money comes power and lots of it.

So here's a shout-out for the 52 people shaping the multitrillion-dollar world of enterprise tech in 2017.

No. 52: Eric Yuan, cofounder & CEO, Zoom

Eric Yuan started off 2017 with a $1 billion valuation thanks to a $100 million funding round led by A-list VC Sequoia Capital.

Yuan, who formed Zoom after becoming frustrated in his role as VP of Engineering at Cisco's WebEx, saw a hole in the market to reach smaller companies.

Today, Zoom has become a real contender in the business video communications market.



No. 51: Rob Mee, CEO, Pivotal

Rob Mee helms Pivotal, the big data startup spun out from EMC in 2012.

Mee cut his teeth in the artificial intelligence world and founded Pivotal Labs, which was acquired by EMC in October, 2013. And then his team, along with a few other cloud and big-data companies that EMC and its subsidiary VMware acquired, were bundled together and spun out to form a new company, taking the name Pivotal.

Pivotal was originally led by industry bigwig and former VMware CEO Paul Maritz. Maritz was talked into launching it instead of retiring. But Maritz didn't push off retirement forever, and Mee, part of Pivotal’s founding team, got the corner office in 2015.

The company is making a name for itself building custom big-data and cloud apps for Fortune 500 companies and said it booked $100 million in revenues when Mee took the helm.



No. 50: Andrew Ng, founder, Deeplearning.ai

Andrew Ng is one of the fathers of artificial intelligence as it is increasingly used by businesses.

Andrew Ng is widely known as creator of the Google Brain, Google's massive AI system that companies can access for their own apps by using Google's cloud. Ng did a shocking thing in 2014 and defected to Google's major Chinese competitor, Baidu, where he worked on AI projects there.

He left Baidu in April and is now working on a much-watched, stealth startup called Deeplearning.ai, which is undertaking the "AI transformation of our society," as Ng described.

Ng is also known as a cofounder of free online education site Coursera and he wrote one of the popular AI trainings courses of all time, teaching the next generation of AI coders.



No. 49: Neeraj Agrawal, general partner, Battery Ventures

Neeraj Agrawal is general partner at Battery Ventures, where he's been a powerhouse in the enterprise world, investing in some of the most successful software as a service (SaaS), since 2000.

This year, one of the companies he backed, AppDynamics, hit it out of the park when it was acquired by Cisco just as it was on the verge of an IPO.

He also backed Coupa and Nutanix, both newly public companies, and he's currently invested in industry hotshots like Glassdoor and Sprinklr.



No. 48: Jacqueline Reses, capital lead and people lead, Square

Jack Dorsey may be most famous as the CEO of Twitter but it is the other company he founded, Square, that's been skyrocketing for investors in 2017.

There are a lot of reasons for that but one of them is Jacqueline Reses, the former investment banker and former Yahoo M&A/HR queen who now works at Square.

Reses joined Square in 2015 where she was again tapped for a dual role. She leads HR and recruiting, as well as Square's all-important Square Capital team, which offers loans to small business.

Shares of Square have been on a tear all summer, in large part because of the success of Square Capital.



No. 47: Bridget van Kralingen, SVP of Industry Platforms, IBM

Bridget van Kralingen has long been one of IBM CEO Ginni Rometty's most trusted lieutenants.

Now Rometty has tasked her to lead two of IBM's most important initiatives, as the venerable company reboots itself into the new worlds of cloud computing and AI.

Van Kralingen is leading the "Industry Platforms" unit, charged with coming up with AI and cloud apps for individual industries, as a way to lure them onto IBM's cloud.

She's also leading IBM's foray into a young technology called "blockchain." Blockchain is a way to securely store information across many distributed computer systems and was pioneered by the online currency Bitcoin.

Blockchain has the potential to set the tech industry on fire, and IBM is known as one of the leaders of the tech, with van Kralingen at the helm.



No. 46: Adam Blitzer, EVP & GM of Sales and Service Clouds, Salesforce

Adam Blitzer is executive vice president of Sales Cloud, Salesforce’s bread and butter product.

Sales Cloud accounted for $3 billion in revenues for the company in fiscal year 2017. That’s almost 40% of overall subscription and support revenues, which means Blitzer has his hand on the money.

And he's also running Service Cloud, the company's popular help desk software.

Blitzer first joined Salesforce in 2013 through an acquisition. He sold his B2B marketing automation company Pardot to ExactTarget in 2012 for $100 million. ExactTarget was then acquired by Salesforce for $2.5 billion in 2013. Now, he’s one of the most powerful people at the company and in the cloud.



No. 45: David Goeckeler, SVP & GM of Networking and Security, Cisco

David Goeckeler has become key player in Cisco CEO Chuck Robbin's brain trust.

He's the man leading Cisco's two most important units, networking and security, responsible for $32 billion of the company's $50 billion in revenue.

He's also the man behind the networking giant's overhaul of its critical network business, an initiative called Network Intuitive. Revealed in June, this is a set of new hardware and software which combine AI and programmable chips to create next-generation network switches.

Cisco hopes that this new system will allow it to combat a rising tide of startups and competitors who are trying to upend its market dominance.



No. 44: Brendan Burns, partner architect, Microsoft

Brendan Burns holds the title of partner architect at Microsoft but its his work at his former employer, Google, that's made him powerful.

While at Google, Burns created a tech called Kubernetes, one of the most popular open source projects of all time.

Kubernetes is used by programmers to manage bits of apps known as containers. Containers have changed the way programmers write apps for the cloud and Kubernetes has become a critical technology for Google as it tries to become a cloud powerhouse, challenging the likes of Amazon Web Services.

When Microsoft poached Burns in 2016 to work for Microsoft's cloud, Azure, it was a major coup.

Burns is now heading up engineering for Microsoft’s container efforts.



No. 43: Ryan Smith, cofounder & CEO, Qualtrics

Qualtrics offers online survey and marketing software and is a family-run business, with Ryan Smith at its helm. It was co-founded by Smith's father and a BYU professor, Scott Smith, and Smith's brother, Jared Smith, an early Google employee.

Years ago, the Smiths bootstrapped their company from $0-$50 million and that's when VCs and other software giants took notice. Five years ago, the Smiths turned down a $500 million acquisition offer. They wanted to grow their company themselves.

Flash forward to 2017, and the company raised a $180 million round that valued the company at $2.5 billion, bringing the total funding to $400 million in just three rounds.

Although Qualtrics is based in Provo, Utah, far away from Silicon Valley, the Smith boys run with the A-list Valley crowd. Smith is even counseled by famed Valley CEO coach Kim Scott.



No. 42: Solomon Hykes, CTO & chief maintainer, Docker

Containers are a tech that helps programmers easily write apps for the cloud and are all the rage in enterprise tech. And Docker CTO Solomon Hykes remains the man of the hour in this niche.

Thanks to Hykes, containers have become so popular that there's a war going on between Docker and other would-be Dockers over this new container market.

This year, Docker launched a new open source community called The Moby Project, which it hopes will encourage more developers to roll up their sleeves and work on its container technology, rather than its competitors'.

It's clear that Hykes is looking to keep Docker at the center of the revolution he started.



No. 41: Nick McKeown, chief scientist & chairman, Barefoot Networks

Nick McKeown is a renowned professor at Stanford University that was one of the key people to help usher in a whole new way to build computer networks based on software.

He earned his wealth when his startup Nicera (cofounded with other network industry legends Martin Casado and Scott Shenker) was acquired back in 2012 for $1.2 billion. He's now quietly involved in angel investing, backing up-and-comers like SnapRoute and Kumru.

His latest startup, Barefoot Networks, is credited with being the next big disrupter in the network industry. Barefoot Networks sells an ultra fast chip for computer networks that can be reprogrammed, allowing networks to be customized.

The company launched in June 2016 with much applause, and market-leader Cisco launched its own programmable switch just one year later in response.



No. 40: Chris Wanstrath, cofounder & CEO, Github

GitHub is the place where developers store, share and work on their apps, whether these apps are from newbie programmers or major players like Apple, IBM or Microsoft.

As a cofounder and CEO, Chris Wanstrath has had his share of growing up moments as GitHub fielded accusations that depict a rough work culture. So the Valley is closely watching his efforts to revamp it into a more diverse and accepting place.

Nevertheless, GitHub has become one of the most important companies in the world of programming today. It claims 22 million programmers as members, and 117,000 businesses use it to track their software projects as well.



No. 39: Drew Houston, CEO, Dropbox

The rumor mill is spinning that Dropbox is inching closer to an IPO, which could be the biggest public offering since Snapchat.

So founder CEO Drew Houston must now grow Dropbox into a company worth big investment money.

He's been preparing for his company's success his whole life.

Houston built the $10 billion company from scratch after a frustrating experience in which he forgot his thumb drive at home. Now he's changed the way businesses store and share documents, and is lining up big partners like Microsoft and Hewlett-Packard Enterprise along the way.



No. 38: Alex Karp, CEO, Palantir

Karp leads Palantir, known as Silicon Valley's most secretive company, choosing to keep both its data-mining technology and its client list, many of whom are government agencies, under tight wraps.

Palantir has raised so much money from private investors, it is valued it at $20 billion.

Karp is powerful for another reason: a direct line to Donald Trump's White House. Legendary investor Peter Thiel, one of Trump's very few prominent supporters in Silicon Valley, is a cofounder of Palantir. It's a connection that earned Karp a seat on the American Technology Council, which held its first meeting on June 19.

It was there at Karp floated the notion that Palantir's style of big data analysis could stop fraudulent spending in the federal government.



No. 37: Jayshree Ullal, CEO, Arista Networks

Arista Networks is taking on network industry Goliath Cisco and having a lot of success.

Arista is seen as a more flexible alternative to Cisco and has seen double digital growth in revenues at a time when Cisco is experiencing declines.

CEO Jayshree Ullal was a former Cisco star before joining Arista in 2008, and bringing the company public in 2014.

Cisco isn't taking the rise of Arista lightly and has sued the company for patent infringement and lodged complaints with the International Trade Commission. But that hasn't scared off buyers or investors. The profitable company has seen its shares triple since its 2014 IPO.



No. 36 & No. 35 Scott Farquhar and Mike Cannon-Brookes, cofounders & co-CEOs, Atlassian

Scott Farquhar and Mike Cannon-Brookes have created an $8 billion teamwork software titan in Atlassian. They are now gunning to take on Microsoft Office with the $425 million acquisition of Trello in January.

When Atlassian filed for its 2015 IPO, it revealed that it had been consistently profitable since the decade previous—without doing a single round of traditional venture capital financing,

And Atlassian got there without a traditional outbound sales team, instead relying largely on word-of-mouth.

The company startled investors when it swung to a loss for its fiscal 2016. But it is spending into the red to develop more software products for more businesses, it explained.

Meanwhile, Farquhar and Cannon-Brookes are like the Mark Zuckerbergs of their home country Australia, the youngest Australian billionaires on Forbes' 2017 list.



No: 34: Jason Taylor, VP of Infrastructure, Facebook

Jason Taylor leads the team that manages Facebook's enormous infrastructure, the tech that supports 2 billion Facebook users worldwide.

That's a powerful job but that's only the beginning. He is also the chairman and president of arguably Facebook's biggest contribution to the tech world, the Open Compute Project.

OCP creates open source hardware for data centers. Anyone can contribute to the designs and use them for free, with contract manufacturers standing by to build the hardware. OCP hardware is cheaper, easier to repair, and greener than buying it from traditional makers, it says.

OCP has created a cult-like following and now Taylor is man leading the crowd.



No. 33: Jay Parikh, VP of Infrastructure, Facebook

Facebook isn't exactly the first name you think of when you think of telecommunications equipment but that could one day change.

Under VP of Infrastructure Jay Parikh, Facebook has taken its home-built innovations in telecom and computer networks and created a consortium called the Telecom Infrastructure Project.

TIP is modeled after Facebook's other successful project in this area, the Open Compute Project. TIP's goal is nothing less than to disrupt the $350 billion telecom equipment market.

And Parikh is the liaison between the brave new world Facebook envisions and the rest of the telecom industry.



No. 32: Jeff Lawson, cofounder & CEO, Twilio

Twilio is one of the companies that secretly runs the internet: Its services let apps and websites send you text messages or make phone calls. If you've ever gotten a text from Uber saying your car is getting close, or a phone call from Netflix to verify your account, you've used Twilio.

Twilio CEO Jeff Lawson, a long-time industry veteran formerly at Amazon Web Services and StubHub, has seen saw his influence grow since he took his company public in 2016.

In 2017, Twilio ranked eighth on Fast Company's list of the world's 50 Most Innovative Companies alongside heavyweights like Amazon, Alphabet's Google, Apple, Snap, Facebook, and Netflix.

While the stock got pummeled earlier this year after warnings that big customer Uber would be cutting back, Lawson is already leading a rebound in investor confidence.



No. 31: Aaron Levie, CEO, Box

Aaron Levie famously had his growing-up moment when Box was a young startup without much revenue and Citrix offered to buy the company for about $600 million. Levie stared down investor pressure to sell and talked his board into turning down the offer.

Flash forward to 2017, and his company now has a market cap of over $2 billion. The cloud file storage and collaboration service reported better-than-expected quarterly results at the end of May, is narrowing losses and upped its guidance for the rest of its 2018 fiscal year.

Levie has promised investors that Box will be profitable and generating over $1 billion in annual revenue by 2021.

Levie also remains one of the Valley's favorite CEOs. He continues to make a lot of smart moves in the cloud industry and he's always absolutely hilarious. If you don't follow his Twitter account, do yourself a favor and add him.



No. 30: Todd McKinnon, CEO, Okta

Okta founder and CEO Todd McKinnon became a Wall Street darling in 2017 when he took his company public. The IPO went well, giving the company a $2 billion valuation.

Okta continued to shine after its first earnings report. The strong results sent the $2.3 billion company's stock to a new high, just two months after the successful IPO in which its stock soared 44% on the first day of trading.

Okta pioneered the idea of a cloud service that makes it easier for companies to manage employee passwords to other cloud services.

McKinnon grew up as an early employee running engineering at Salesforce and now finds that Salesforce and Microsoft are his partners and his competitors.



No. 29: Mike Olson, chief strategy officer, Cloudera

Big data software company Cloudera was one of the most heavily funded enterprise startups of all time, raising about $1.05 billion and being valued by private investors at $4.1 billion.

Cloudera founder, former CEO and current CSO Mike Olson completed the company's much-anticipated IPO in April. The stock did well in its IPO, even though the company's public valuation was half of its last private one, a market cap of about $2.5 billion.

It didn't matter. Cloudera's biggest private investor, Intel, is happy to keep its large chunk of the company. Cloudera's big data software helps Intel sell more of its chips and servers.

While Cloudera's other founders sold off bits of their stake or left the company, Olsen still owns over 5 million shares, which amounts to 4% of the company. His power in the world of big data computing is secure.



No. 28: Jeff Dean, senior fellow, Google

In 2015, Google's celebrated engineer Jeff Dean created a piece of artificial intelligence software called ­TensorFlow. Two years later, that tool is a major part Google's next major money maker, cloud computing.

TensorFlow makes life easier for engineers looking to build machine-learning and artificially intelligent apps. That's the next big thing in enterprise tech.

Dean was an early employee at Google, and is a legend inside the company. He's created many of Google's most important products, like its first ad servers.

Today he's the head of the core AI research group, which means Dean is building the future of enterprise technology, and the future of machine learning as we know it.



No. 27: Stewart Butterfield, founder, Slack Technologies

Slack CEO Stewart Butterfield is continuing his company's multi-year hot streak with some saying that if he wanted to sell his company today, he could command a $9 billion price tag.

But Butterfield doesn't seem to want to sell. He's reportedly looking for a massive new round of funding, another $500 million, which values the company at $5 billion. That's a bump from the valuation of $3.8 billion in 2016.

Slack's whopping valuation is a testament to its crazy growth: the company has four million daily active users and surpassed $100 million in annual recurring revenue last year.

Butterfield is one of the most likable guys in Silicon Valley. With the company poised to see increased competition, Slack will rely on his leadership even more next year.



No. 26: Ben Horowitz, VC, Andreessen/Horowitz

It was a good day for A-list venture capitalist Ben Horowitz when Okta went public earlier this year.

With Andreessen/Horowitz having chipped in half of Okta's seed money, the VC firm was a big winner in Okta's $2 billion valuation.

Horowitz has backed many winners over the years like Skype, Nicera and AppLogic, and led deals in dozens of other enterprise startups, including Tidemark, Asana and SnapLogic.

He continues to be a powerful influence in the enterprise world.



No. 25: Jim Goetz, VC & partner, Sequoia

Jim Goetz has long been known as one of the most successful VCs in the industry. Goetz is a partner at Sequoia, and made his name by backing companies like Hubspot, WhatsApp and Palo Alto Networks.

In January, Goetz took a step back from his management responsibilities at the firm and left US operations up to his partner, Roelof Botha. But Goetz is still general partner of existing funds, continues to represent Sequoia in board seats on startups like GitHub, and is still hunting for new startups to back.

Meanwhile, he plans to be enjoying a bit more free time these days, with the purchase of a new Venetian Islands mansion.



No. 24: Aneel Bhusri, CEO, Workday

Bhusri is CEO and co-founder of Workday, the financial and human management company that is giving the old guards, SAP and Oracle, a run for their money.

The company was founded by Bhusri and PeopleSoft founder David Duffield after they endured one of the ugliest hostile takeovers in software history, when Oracle bought Peoplesoft out from under them.

Workday, a cloud alternative, was their revenge, and investors have loved the company since its 2013 IPO. Shares have more than doubled to above $100.

Bhusri is powerful for another reason. He's also a VC at Greylock where he's backed such companies as Okta, Cloudera and Zuora.



No. 23: Jim Whitehurst, CEO, Red Hat

Jim Whitehurst has been CEO of Red Hat for a decade, leading it to become the first and only multi-billion dollar open source software company.

Whitehurst makes sure Red Hat is always in front of the up-and-coming tech. For instance, he was an early supporter of containers. This year, Whitehurst has pushed Red Hat into a unique niche of cloud computing, a service that combines containers and cloud app development in one fell swoop.

Red Hat, which had $2.4 billion in annual revenues for fiscal year 2017, is still the leader in Linux, too, the most popular operating system that owns the data center.



No. 22: Scott Guthrie, EVP of Cloud and Enterprise, Microsoft

Microsoft is betting its entire future on cloud computing, pushing its huge slate of enterprise customers to use Office 365 and its cloud service Azure.

That makes Scott Guthrie, who leads Microsoft's cloud computing efforts, extremely powerful. He's responsible for Azure as well as Dynamics, Microsoft's competitor to Salesforce, both of which continue to grow in 2017.

And his responsibilities within the company keep growing. Now that Microsoft has completed its $26.2 billion purchase of LinkedIn, Guthrie's is tasked with integrating LinkedIn with various Microsoft products.



No. 21: Thomas Kurian, president of product development, Oracle

Thomas Kurian is one of the most powerful men behind Oracle's engineering and some say that he may be the real heir to become the next CEO of Oracle, should Larry Ellison ever decide to retire.

Kurian's influence has been even more on the rise in recent years, as he's responsible for building out the all-important cloud.

Cloud revenues were $3.2 billion for fiscal year 2017 — up 61% from 2016. With the success of this growing revenue stream, investors are getting excited, and Oracle is seeing the results on Wall Street.



No. 20: Shantanu Narayen, CEO, Adobe

Years ago, Shantanu Narayen made the big decision to stop selling software the old fashioned way and sell it only as a cloud product.

And he recently threw his enormous weight behind Microsoft for a mutually beneficial partnership, with Adobe software living on the Microsoft Azure cloud.

Microsoft doesn't have a marketing software competitor, and Adobe doesn't have a sales software play. So together this partnership is a huge shot across the bow at his competitors Oracle and Salesforce.

Narayen, a native of India, was also honored earlier this year by Carnegie as a recipient of the Great Immigrants award.



No. 19: Tim Cook, CEO, Apple

Perhaps Apple isn't the most obvious name in enterprise tech, but we'd be remiss if we didn't give a shout-out to CEO Tim Cook.

Cook has been working hard to push Apple deeper into the enterprise world. He's personally crafted partnerships with Cisco, Deloitte, IBM, and SAP.

And he's doing this in Apple's usual, not-so-humble way. When he was a guest star at Cisco's big tech conference in June, giving an update the two-year-old partnership to make Apple devices work better on Cisco networks, Cook said:

"We thought, looking at the enterprise, people were spending tons of money. But when you looked at the user experience, it wasn't very good. So we thought we could bring Apple's legendary ease-of-use and simplicity to the enterprise and really change the way people work."

Touché.



No. 18: Pat Gelsinger, CEO, VMware

Pat Gelsinger is powerful for his leadership of VMware, which offers software that makes servers, networks and desktop computers more efficient.

VMware has now been swallowed by Dell as part of Dell's record-breaking acquisition of VMware's previous parent company EMC. And VMware is now Dell's crown jewel.

Gelsinger had to eat a little crow in late 2016 when he announced a partnership with Amazon Web Services, after spending years trying to best AWS.

But if you can't beat 'em, join 'em and the partnership should turn VMware into a powerful player in AWS's growing world.

Gelsinger was also among the tech execs who have met with President Trump in recent months to discuss tech's policy concerns.



No. 17: Meg Whitman, CEO of Hewlett Packard Enterprise and chairwoman of HP

Meg Whitman is the leader of Hewlett Packard Enterprise, one of the largest IT companies in the world, next to the consolidated Dell/EMC entity, a competitor of whom she's highly critical.

Whitman, a Republican, is also not shy about wading into politics, no matter the political climate. While she didn't back the winner of the 2016 election (she stumped for Hillary Clinton instead), she consistently speaks her mind in national debates over issues like border taxes.

Meanwhile, she is still working on HP's turnaround. Lately she's been doing that through some high-profile acquisitions. In March, HP bought flash storage company Nimble Storage for $1 billion. In January, HP Enterprise bought SimpliVity, a storage startup, for $650 million.



No. 16: Brian Krzanich, CEO, Intel

Having missed the boat on smartphones and with the PC industry in decline, Intel needed to find a new place to sell its chips, and ensure it won't miss the next big wave.

To CEO Brian Krzanich, that new place is self-driving cars.

Intel, in its second-largest acquisition in its 50-year history, spent a whopping $15.3 billion to buy the self-driving-car-tech company Mobileye.

If self-driving vehicles are the future – as Uber, Alphabet, and others believe Intel wants to sell the bits that make them happen, and Krzanich is the one behind the wheel.



No. 15: Mark Hurd, co-CEO, Oracle

Mark Hurd shares the CEO job with Safra Catz. He's responsible for the company's operations teams and its massive, legendary sales organization.

His teams are pushing Oracle's customers into its all-important cloud computing services as fast as they can. And he's having good success. Investors have been driving Oracle's stock to all-time highs this summer.

Internally, Hurd is leading a pet project to hire young grads and train them up to be great cloud salespeople and take on other roles within the company. That includes Oracle's expansion into the Austin area, a campus that also includes luxury housing for employees.



No. 14: Safra Catz, co-CEO, Oracle

Safra Catz has been the company's financial genius for decades.

She's the brains behind Oracle's massive success through mergers and acquisitions. But she's also helping the company come up with the cash to build out a bunch of new data centers to house its cloud computing aspirations.

Catz has said she won't ever be in the running to become sole CEO of Oracle and will retire from her job as right-hand woman to founder and chairman Larry Ellison if and when Ellison ever retires.

As that doesn't look like it will happen anytime soon, she's also pursuing her passion: education for kids. She spearheaded a project to build a high school, with a slate of cutting edge STEM courses, right on the campus Oracle's main Redwood City, California, headquarters.



No. 13: Michael Dell, CEO, Dell Enterprise

In 2016, Dell's blockbuster $67 billion acquisition of one-time rival EMC finally closed, in the biggest high-tech deal ever.

It makes industry stalwart Michael Dell the leader of one of the world's biggest IT companies—and one of the last big holdouts against the rise of Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, and other cloud-computing platforms.

Billionaire Dell has been a powerhouse in the tech world for decades but this move made him even more powerful.



No. 12: Ginni Rometty, CEO, IBM

For the entire time Ginni Rometty has been CEO of IBM, the company has been going through a slow and painful transition as its old-school businesses decline.

But she's determined to drive IBM into the future by investing in up-and-coming technologies like cloud computing, AI and blockchain.

IBM Watson is well-known for its AI technology. In 2017, Rometty has put IBM in a leadership position in the young area blockchain, which allows information about transactions to be spread across many computers in many locations. IBM and Walmart are already showcasing blockchain to track food as it ships around the country.

Rometty was also one of the first tech execs to join the Trump administration as an advisor. While other CEOs left their advisory positions over the President's unpopular policy decisions, like leaving the Paris Agreement on climate change, Rometty has remained committed to her advisor role.



No. 11: Linus Torvalds, fellow, Linux Foundation

Linus Torvalds is one of the world's most famous developers thanks to creating Linux, the operating system that rules everything from tiny devices to supercomputers, 26 years ago.

As of 2017, his life's work has won so thoroughly that its one-time arch rival Microsoft now claims that Linux makes up 33% of the virtual machine running on Microsoft Azure.

And, thanks to him and a weekend's worth of work, he created a change-management tool called Git, which has since led to an entire industry of software development startups, including the $2 billion startup Github.



No. 10: Urs Hölzle, president of Google Enterprise, Google

Urs Hölzle was Google's eighth employee and is the genius who built much of Google's infrastructure and data centers across the world.

Today Hölzle is the technical wizard spearheading Google's aggressive push into cloud computing. He believes that Google's cloud revenue could one day overtake advertising revenue at the $631 billion company.

On top of that, he's trying to make Google's part of the internet greener, vowing that Google's data centers will one day run on 100% renewable energy.



No. 9: Werner Vogels, CTO, Amazon

Amazon Web Services is far and away the leader in the fast-growing cloud computing market, where companies rent computing and storage, paid for by the hour and delivered as a service across the Internet.

It's already on pace to be at least a $14 billion business for Amazon this fiscal year, and the retail giant's most profitable unit.

So much of that success is because of Amazon CTO Werner Vogels, whose team keeps adding new features while driving down costs.

And as Amazon keeps building its cloud under Vogels' direction, it just keeps the pressure on the legacy IT world and startups alike to drop prices and up their game.



No 8: Bill McDermott, CEO, SAP

SAP remains the world's biggest enterprise app company and under Bill McDermott's leadership it is slowly but surely finding its way to cloud computing.

Revenues rose in the last quarter, up 10% thanks to the cloud computing.

McDermott's personal story has been a Horatio Alger tale full of incredible ups and downs. Born a working class kid, he bought his first business, a deli, at age 16. He joined SAP in 2002 and became CEO in 2014, the first American ever to run the giant German-based company.

In 2015, he lost one of his eyes in a freak accident. But nothing stops his can-do attitude. "I am living proof that vision is not just what you see," he recently told CNBC.



No. 7: Chuck Robbins, CEO, Cisco

After six straight quarters of falling revenues, and yet another big annual layoff, CEO Chuck Robbins finally revealed Cisco's big save: "the Network Intuitive"— which embeds AI into networks.

This is Robbins' big bet to Cisco's networks to the new age of software-controlled, programmable hardware. He promises it will do things other networks can't, like Encrypted Traffic Analytics, which can detect malware in encrypted files without having to open the files.

Meanwhile, Robbins is also trying to shift Cisco from its hardware roots into the world of cloud software, with cloud's recurring revenues. These aspirations inspired the big surprise $3.7 billion acquisition of AppDynamics right before it was set to start trading on the public markets.

Recently, Wall Street has started to buy this turnaround vision and the stock is on the rise.



No. 6: Bill Gates, founder & technology advisor, Microsoft

Although Bill Gates' is no longer at the helm of Microsoft, he continues to be heavily involved in the company as an advisor to CEO Satya Nadella and a thought-leader across the industry.

As the richest person in the world, with a whopping net worth of $90.4 billion, Gates can't help but be powerful.

He's also trying to push the world forward with his philanthropic investments making an impact inside and out of tech.

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funds science, technology, health care, education and is trying to solve poverty, even for some of the most impoverished places on the planet.



No. 5: Diane Greene, SVP of Google Cloud, Google

Diane Greene was a legend in the enterprise tech world as a founder of VMware, long before she joined Google to lead its cloud computing efforts.

And now that she's at the helm of Google's cloud, she wants Google to beat Amazon in this brave new world.

The Google Cloud leader has said publicly that she plans to be ahead of Amazon by 2022, and the scuttlebutt inside Google is that she's well on track to get there.

In 2017, Google has already seen a $2 billion deal with IPO sweetheart Snap, as well as giants like eBay and Disney, proving that under Greene, Google is slowly but surely becoming a force in enterprise IT.



No. 4: Larry Ellison, CTO & chairman, Oracle

Oracle had blow-out Q4 2017 earnings in large part thanks to Ellison's pursuit of a major new rival, Amazon Web Services, the massively profitable cloud-computing arm of the Amazon retail empire.

Oracle saw 58% YoY growth in cloud for Q4 2017.

While the jet-setting billionaire has formidable rivals at Microsoft and Amazon, Ellison is keeping Oracle in the game, and shareholders are responding accordingly.



No .3: Marc Benioff, CEO, Salesforce

Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff has literally altered the landscape of San Francisco.

Benioff's $1 billion Salesforce Tower, set to open in 2018, is the tallest and most expensive building in the city.

As cloud computing has become the hottest thing in the enterprise world, Salesforce has come into its own. It more or less owns customer-relationship management (CRM) software, which helps sales people organize their work, find leads and keep track of customers.

Thanks to a partnership with IBM that has Watson powering Salesforce's AI product Einstein, Salesforce is now moving into the next big thing artificial intelligence. Benioff even uses his own version of AI to run the company.



No. 2: Satya Nadella, CEO, Microsoft

Under CEO Satya Nadella, Microsoft has found its groove again.

Microsoft has become a formidable competitor to Amazon Web Services and become the No. 2 biggest cloud computing player. With its acquisition of LinkedIn it is also challenging Salesforce.

Although Nadella has overseen a steady stream of layoffs at the company, some of them downright enormous, his approval rating among employees is quite high.

Nadella, a long-time Microsoft veteran, has been systematically trimming the fat, making the company leaner and less bureaucratic and preparing the company for the lower-margin world of cloud computing. And so far, it's working.



No. 1: Andrew Jassy, CEO, Amazon Web Services

As CEO of Amazon Web Services, Andrew Jassy runs one of the most aggressive and dominating forces in the enterprise tech industry today.

AWS is setting the tone in the enterprise IT world and forcing the big established giants to jump to its tune. Companies like Cisco, Oracle, IBM and Microsoft must change their products and business models, or they'll face demise just like the one-time mighty EMC that got swallowed by Dell last year.

Since being promoted from his role as senior vice president in spring 2016, Jassy has overseen an AWS that had a 43% bump in Q1 profits year-over-year. And because AWS has been seeing so much growth since its carnation, that 43% bump was actually a slowdown.

No matter. AWS is Amazon's most profitable business unit. And with Jassy is at the helm, by all accounts, he is steering the ship in the right direction.





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Tech: Mesmerizing maps show how religion has spread throughout the world

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The world's five largest religions include 5.8 billion people worldwide. Here's how they came to be.

The five largest religion — Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism, and Hinduism — represent about 77% of the world population.

Their spread throughout parts of Asia and Europe, and gradually down to Africa and across to the Americas, has been fractured and erratic.

Here's how the major religions have touched nearly all corners of the globe.

Many scholars agree Hinduism was the first religion to take root, beginning thousands of years before the birth of Christ.



Over the span of a few hundred years, Hinduism spread throughout the Indus River Valley, or what is present-day India.



As Hinduism spread, the birth of Abraham sparked waves of converts and all but consumed the subcontinent.



Around 1000 BCE, Judaism began to spread along the Mediterranean Sea, occupying present-day Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, and Israel.



In present-day Nepal, in 563 BCE, Siddhartha Gautama was born. He would later go on to become the Gautama Buddha and found Buddhism. The religion quickly diffused east through China.



Around 33 AD, the Roman Empire crucified Jesus Christ for his acts of sedition and anti-authority ideals. Christianity was made a crime and became cause for execution in areas under Roman control.



Nevertheless, soon after Christ's crucifixion missionaries forged through Europe to spread the gospel and convert exiled Jews.



Halfway through the first millennium came the birth of the prophet Muhammad, who helped Islam spread through the Middle East, North Africa, and parts of Asia.



As Hinduism remained localized to India and Buddhism to China, trade deals and conquests from the Ottoman Empire continued Islam's march through northern Africa and southern Europe.



In the 15th century, European explorers ventured across the Atlantic to colonize the New World. Christianity reached North and South America.



During the late-19th century, those same Imperial powers colonized many African countries, splitting the breakdown with the ongoing spread of Islam.



On May 14, 1948, Israel was founded. Even seven decades later, tensions persist between Israelis and Palestinians over who should have ownership of parts of Israel.



Today, the five religions include some 5.8 billion people around the world in a complex and evolving mosaic.





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Politics: Why Russia's ballistic-missile defense works and the US's kinda doesn't

A man and a child watch as the Ground-based Midcourse Defense (GMD) system launches during a flight test from Vandenberg Air Force Base.

"We have to actually hit a bullet with a bullet," a former US nuclear officer said. But Russia can miss by a half-mile and still get it.

The US has spent $40 billion on the ground-based midcourse ballistic-missile-defense system.

By the end of 2017, the US wants to have 44 missile interceptors stationed in Alaska and California to fend off a possible nuclear-missile attack.

While the ground-based midcourse missile-defense system has had some success in tests, real-world conditions could easily stress the system to the max, leaving the US vulnerable to nuclear attacks.

On the other hand, Russia has 68 nuclear-tipped ballistic-missile interceptors around Moscow. US missiles interceptors do not have explosive payloads and have to actually slam into an incoming warhead to incapacitate it.

"We have to actually hit a bullet with a bullet," Bruce Blair, a former US nuclear-launch officer and an expert on nuclear security, told Business Insider. "The general expert estimate is that any one interceptor in the US side would have no better than a 25% chance of making impact with a Russian nuclear warhead." So the US would have to fire at least four interceptors to every one missile threat.

So with the US's 44 interceptors, "at most you could destroy 11 warheads," Blair said, "and Russia could throw 1,000 at us."

But the Russian system, though horribly dangerous, works much better. According to Blair, because Russia's interceptors do explode with tremendous nuclear blasts, "it could miss a missile by half a mile and still get it."

So how does the US deter nuclear attacks from Russia? Blair said that the US has at least 100 nuclear missiles targeted at Moscow.

In the event of an attack, the US would fire missile after missile after missile at Moscow as Russia's own nuclear missiles stop them in the sky. Eventually the supply of interceptors would be exhausted, or, more likely, one would fail. It would be the most violent and catastrophic event in human history, but US missiles would eventually get through as missile silos in Siberia open and fire missiles toward the US.

However, just because nuclear-tipped interceptors work doesn't mean they're a good idea. A nuclear blast above earth could easily cause an electromagnetic pulse or a blast that would wipe out satellites and electricity, potentially costing lives. Furthermore, accidental interceptor fires do happen, so it's probably best not to arm them with nuclear warheads.

It says something about now insecure Russia's leadership that it would surround its most populous city with 68 dangerous nuclear missiles.



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Tech: This real-life Willy Wonka elevator zips up, down, across, and sideways

elevator

People will not have to wait more than 30 seconds for this new Thyssenkrupp elevator, which uses the same technology as Japan's bullet train.

Elevators haven't changed much in the past 160 years: one cabin in one shaft that travels up and down.

Now, German elevator manufacturer ThyssenKrupp has developed the world's first elevator that travels up, down, diagonally, and sideways — all without cables. It's like a real-life Willy Wonka elevator.

As more people move to cities, we'll need better elevators, Thyssenkrupp CEO Andreas Schierenbeck told Business Insider.

"It's an obvious waste of building space, to use such high shafts for only one cabin," he said. "It's like operating one train between two cities on one track, instead of multiple trains on flexible tracks."

In June, the company unveiled the first functioning model of the elevator, called Multi, at its test facility in Germany. As CityLab notes, Thyssenkrupp has been trialing the system at the 807-foot-tall concrete test tower since late 2015.

The elevator cabins propel themselves by maglev, or magnets that levitate and move by repulsion. Instead of cables, each cabin has one motor that kickstarts the maglev the same technology behind the Shinkansen, Japan's bullet train.

The goal of the Multi is to make transport within tall buildings, like skyscrapers, more efficient, Schierenbeck said.

Its shafts are 25% smaller than normal elevators, creating more room for a building's floor space to be used for other things, like offices and apartments. Since multiple elevators can loop simultaneously in the same shaft system, the Multi can transport 50% more people in the same time as an average elevator — even at just 11 mph.

For comparison, the elevator in New York City's Empire State Building travels at around 22 mph. The Shanghai Tower in Tokyo (completed in late 2016) has the fastest elevator in the world at nearly 46 mph.

While the Multi is slower than these, users won't need to wait more than 30 seconds for an elevator to arrive, Schierenbeck said. There are no concrete plans on where the Multi will appear first. But when the Capital Market Authority Tower in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia opens in 2018, it will include Thyssenkrupp's TWIN elevator system, which fits two cabins in one hoistway.

Beyond skyscrapers, the elevator system could be helpful in other busy places, like large malls and airports. Space limitations in already-crowded cities means there's nowhere to go but up.



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